Fire sprinkler systems play a significant role in containing fires and saving lives. Statistics from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) indicate that the civilian death rate from fires is 87% lower in buildings with sprinklers than in properties without. But not all fire sprinkler systems are alike. Fire sprinkler system design varies with the needs of a specific structure, environment, and climate specifications.
Today, there are four main types of sprinkler systems:
• Wet pipe
Wet-pipe fire sprinkler systems are reliable and easy to maintenance. In a wet pipe fire sprinkler system, the pipes supplying fire sprinklers always have water in them.
• Dry pipe
A dry pipe sprinkler system contains compressed air within the pipes. This fire sprinkler system maintains pressure with an electric air compressor, nitrogen bottles, or another supply system.
This fire sprinkler system protects museums and expensive electronics, designed to reduce false deployment and flood damage.
Deluge sprinkler systems react immediately, making them ideal in highly flammable or hazardous areas. Often, deluge systems mix water with foam to create a solution, which expands upon release, creates a protective blanket to smother the oxygen source, and suppresses or eliminates the fire.
The history of the first fire sprinkler system goes back to 1812 when William Congreve installed the first system in the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London. The invention consisted of a series of pierced pipes, leading to a large container of water released in case of fire. Philip Pratt invented the first automatic sprinkler system in the 1870s, and it was later improved by Henry Parmalee and then perfected again by Frederick Grinnell in the 1890s.
Originally fire sprinkler systems were used to protect large commercial buildings prone to store hazardous materials; now, they are in use in almost every building, including residential and public premises. Today, facilities in Canada are required by local code to have a properly installed and working fire sprinkler system.
OptimusSprinklers is a centralized water mist suppression system, which provides sustainability and technological advantage, ensuring a high level of communication between sprinklers and temperature recognition, locating the origin of the fire, and targeting only affected areas by the sprinkler system. At OptimusSprinklers, we are setting new standards in fire protection and customer service.